Cuba is an island country in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos.
Cuba was part of the Spanish Empire and remained under Spanish territory until 1898, which saw the island violently seek to gain its independence. The United States became involved in Cuba's affairs when American newspapers in turn published reports of Spanish atrocities against Cuban revolutionaries. This built a restive relationship between America and Spain, in which the former favored for military intervention after the situation exacerbated when the USS Maine was sunk in Havana Harbor. President William McKinley, reluctant to get into war with Spain, sent an ultimatum to Spain to grant Cuba's independence or face US military action in all Spanish territories. Spain chose the former, allowing Cuba to gain its independence and for Spain to keep whatever left of its imperial possession.